Published in 1828, Pigot's Directory entry for Cumberland begins: "Cumberland
is a maritime and northern county, bounded on the west by the Irish sea, on the
east by the counties of Northumberland and Durham, on the south by those of
Westmorland and Lancashire, and on the north it is separated from Scotland by
the waters of the Solway, the Scot's dyke, and the river Liddal. The greatest
extent of the county is about 80 miles, but its mean length is not more than 60;
its general breadth is 35, and its circumference 224 miles...
At the time of the Norman conquest Cumberland was so
impoverished, that William the Conqueror remitted all its taxations; for which
reason it is not rated in the Domesday book as other counties are.
The surface of this county is extremely irregular and broken;
the districts to the south west exhibit a gigantic combination of lofty and
rugged mountains, promiscuously thrown together, but enclosing many beautiful
though narrow valleys, as well as fine lakes, rivers and some extensive
woodlands; on the east side another range of hills stretches away to Scotland...
The mineralogical productions of this county are rich and
varied, and include lead, copper and iron ores, zinc cobalt, antimony and black
lead... The principal manufactures of Cumberland are the spinning and
manufacturing of cotton into various fabrics, and calico-printing..."
Family History, Genealogy and
Local History Research Information for Cumberland
fifth series of
the BBC's acclaimed Family
History programme featured Patsy Kensit, Boris Johnson, Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen,
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Kidd. Further details are on our News page.
Are you descended
from a Viking Warrior, a Saxon farmer or a Norman invader?
Channel 4 television's
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DNA testing to determine volunteers' ancient roots.